Tibetan Buddhists recognize the Dalai Lama as a political and spiritual leader, though the Dalai Lama fled China in the 1950s. The official religion of China is atheism, and it has been the official state religion since the establishment of the People’s Republic of China in 1949. The religion is passed down through rituals and historic texts, and it is considered to be a foundation for other religious practices, such as Taoism and Confucianism. Both men openly identified as Christians, and both were supported by the western world for their attempts to rid China of communism. Taoism, Buddhism, and Confucianism expanded and ultimately shaped Chinese culture. China also is an excellent example for Confucianism in China is not recognized as a state-sanctioned religion, but it has influenced and shaped the Chinese socio-political system since 479 BC. It is also possible that Mao’s anti-Confucian sentiments influenced government policy well beyond his death. The present official figure is 28 million, based on the total number of Uygurs, Kazaks and other smaller Muslim minority In 1949, Chairman Mao Zedong established atheism as the official religion of the People's Republic of China. India is a south Asian country known to be the largest democracy in the world. Tibetan Buddhists are often the object of public scrutiny and discrimination based on ethnicity and religious beliefs. Religion in China exists but is by no means popular. Explore the latest news and statistics on religion in China, including demographics, restrictions and more. China’s first religions were ancient forms of animism and shamanism. aus Wikipedia, der freien Enzyklopädie. Im Jahr 2010 waren rund 700,68 Millionen Chinesen religiös ungebunden. All members of China’s dominant political party, the Communist Party of China, and members of the military are prohibited from any religious practice. 2004 Annual Report Wikipedia: Buddhism by country (Buddhism by Country); Wikipedia: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints in France (Membership Statistics); http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Christianity_by_country#Sovereign_states; http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Christianity_by_country#Sovereign_states; International Religious Freedom Report 2004, U.S. State Department; British Broadcasting Corporation 2014; Wikipedia: Islam by country (Table) ("Muslim Population by Country" . Please add www.nationmaster.com to your ad blocking whitelist or disable your adblocking software. The Demographic Yearbook census datasets cover a wide range of additional topics including economic activity, educational attainment, household characteristics, housing characteristics, ethnicity, language, foreign … All Rights Reserved. In Statista. Population in China in 2019, by region (in million inhabitants) [Graph]. 35 For an overview, see Social Scientific Studies of Religion in China: Methodology, Theories, and Findings, by Yang Fenggang As a result, religious practice is intensely scrutinized by the government, especially for Muslims, Christians, and Tibetan Buddhists. Historically, China and its people have been characterized by three religiophilosophical traditions. We don't have any banner, Flash, animation, obnoxious sound, or popup ad. All religions must register under one of these denominations in order to legally worship or face criminal charges if caught worshipping without registration. We've detected that you are using AdBlock Plus or some other adblocking software which is preventing the page from fully loading. There are five state-sanctioned religious affiliations: Buddhism, Islam, Catholicism, Protestantism, and Taoism. Retrieved from https://www.learnreligions.com/religion-in-china-history-and-statistics-4797960. Weiterlesen. Perkins, McKenzie. Buddhism in China is largely of the Mahayana school, though there are minority groups of Theravada Buddhists, mostly concentrated in the southern parts of the country. Major religion(s): Country major religions. Like other religious statistics, this number is likely to be understated, as many Chinese people view traditional practices to be cultural rather than religious. China's constitution guarantees freedom of religion, although any religious organization without official approval faces state persecution. Protestant Christianity has been one of the fastest-growing religions in China in recent years, rising from having just three million adherents in the … Notably, the Zhou dynasty, which predates the Warring States period in China, saw the manifestation of the Mandate of Heaven, the philosophical belief that legitimized the power of the ruling family of China. European Jesuits are considered to be the first Christians to preach in China, arriving during the 16th century and taking up council with the emperor of the Ming Dynasty. Clear data on religious affiliation in China is difficult to gather due to varying definitions of "religion" and the unorganized, diffusive nature of Chinese religious traditions. (October 15, 2020). Though Buddhism originated in India, it has a long history and tradition in China and today is the country’s largest institutionalized religion. This map shows the new religious make up of China. There are two significant sub-organizations of Mahayana Buddhism in China: Chinese Buddhists and Tibetan Buddhists. Die Volksrepublik China ist ein laizistischer Staat und die Mehrheit der Chinesen bekennt sich offiziell zu keiner Konfession. They tend to avoid referring the belief system as the religions. China China, Hong Kong SAR China, Macao SAR Colombia Comoros Congo Cook Islands Costa Rica Croatia Cuba Curaçao Cyprus Czechia Côte d’Ivoire Democratic People's Republic of Korea Democratic Republic of the Congo Pew Research Center . (2021, February 8). Buddhism is the largest religious organization in China, though only about 18.2% of the population identifies as Buddhist. ); CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 28 March 2011; CIA World Factbook, 22 August 2006; Wikipedia: List of countries ranked by ethnic and cultural diversity level (Ethnic, Linguistic and Religious Fractionalization) (Natalka Patsiurko, John L. Campbell and John A. Scholars note that in China there is no clear boundary between three teachings religions and local folk religious practice. Four key pillars of the strategy are evident in its implementation: Opportunistic exploitation:Harnessing the benefits of religion to advance broader CCP economic, political, cultural, and foreign policy goals Rule by law:Developing legal and bureaucratic instruments to control religious pract… Religion in China: History and Statistics. Though not formally recognized as a religion by the Chinese government, Confucianism has had an undeniable impact on Chinese history and culture since its conception by the Chinese philosopher Confucius around 479 BC. The teachings of Confucius, particularly concerning the patriarchal hierarchy, laid the foundation for the Chinese socio-political system. We do not implement these annoying types of ads! During this time, Taoism emerged, and Buddhism arrived via the Silk Road around 65 CE. Inside a Chinese temple China is a multireligious country, with a vast proportion of the population professing no religion. Mckenzie Perkins is a writer and researcher specializing in southeast Asian religion and culture, education, and college life. In the 1960s, Mao launched the Cultural Revolution in an attempt to revitalize communism by destroying all external influences within the country, including religion. Traditional Chinese religions with adherents constituting less than 5 percent of the population include: I Kuan Tao, Tien Ti Chiao (Heaven Emperor Religion), Tien Te Chiao (Heaven Virtue Religion), Li-ism, Hsuan Yuan Chiao Tian Li The Qin and Han dynasties saw a stronger focus on human connection with nature, as well as a suppression of Confucianism in favor of a deified emperor. Religion and philosophy are often intertwined in China. Some worship ancestors and/or Shens (“kindly spirits”). Religion Statistics in the People's Republic of China (According to an unidentified member of the State Council's Bureau of Religious Affairs, published in Beijing Review, Sept. 1-7, 1997) Total population > 1,200,000,000 "People Today, about 5.1% of the population identifies as Christian, though this number is likely inaccurate as many Christian groups are known to practice in secret. ); adventiststatistics.org After his death in 479 BC, Confucius’ followers compiled his teachings into the Analects, the central doctrine of Confucianism. The Future of the Global Muslim Population . Pew Research Center . Additionally, this percentage is small, but given the enormous population of China, it reflects millions of people. Though folk religion varies regionally, it maintains similar elements of reverence for ancestors and natural forces. Either way, the Chinese government began a campaign in the early 21st century to revitalize Confucianism in an attempt to strengthen social harmony. Religion in China A country as big as China is bound to be home to many different ethnic groups and religions. The SCIO April 2018 white paper on religion in China states there are approximately 5,500 religious groups. By the middle of the 20th century, Mao Zedong had created the People’s Republic of China, establishing state atheism and trivializing religion as a useless relic of the past. "Religion in China: History and Statistics." 31 December 2004. The Demographic Yearbook disseminates statistics on population size and composition, births, deaths, marriage and divorce, as well as respective rates, on an annual basis. However, there are five state-sanctioned religious affiliations under which all other religious organizations must register. China is officially an atheist state with one of the lowest percentages in the world of people who consider themselves religious. During the beginning of the 20th century, nationalist movements attempted to destroy local Chinese folk religions. SOURCES: Confucius traveled across the Warring States, teaching the system of morals, ethics, and societal guidelines that would become known as Confucianism. Because of the difficulty in accessing accurate and current religious demographics, the number of religiously-affiliated Chinese people is widely considered to be skewed. "Muslim Population by Country" . According to recent demographic reports, 52% of Chinese people are religiously unaffiliated, highlighting the official religion of China, atheism. Uighur and Hui Muslims are the largest Muslim ethnic minorities, but there are also significant numbers of Kazakh Muslims. As mentioned in the introduction, statistics for numbers of Muslims in China vary as much as for Christians. State Atheism and Religious Policies in China. Chinese Buddhism is practiced most commonly by ethnically Han Chinese people, and it includes elements of Taoism and Confucianism. This practice permitted all three philosophical systems to flourish in China. If Confucianism provided a guideline for how to live, Buddhism provided a frame of reference for death and the afterlife. 2004 Annual Report Add NationMaster content to your website. Ethnic and Racial Studies 35 (2): 195–217 . RELIGION IN CHINA. Hall (2012). Less than a century later, the Ming dynasty had collapsed, replaced by the predominantly Confucian Qing dynasty. It is possible that Confucianism isn’t recognized by the Chinese government because it is commonly viewed as a system of ethics rather than a religion. https://www.learnreligions.com/religion-in-china-history-and-statistics-4797960 (accessed April 11, 2021). Most followers of folk religion are ethnically Han Chinese. Approximately 21.9% of Chinese people identify as followers of folk religion, also known as Chinese popular religion. "Measuring cultural diversity: ethnic, linguistic and religious fractionalization in the OECD" . As the centuries progressed, religion adopted more complex systems of belief and practice. Wikipedia: List of countries ranked by ethnic and cultural diversity level (Ethnic, Linguistic and Religious Fractionalization). The two officially sanctioned Christian religious groups are Protestant and Catholic, which is officially unaffiliated with the Holy See, as reverence for the Pope conflicts reverence for authority in China. Retrieved September 13, 2012 . All religious organizations must register under one of these affiliations in order to legally worship. Separately, a 2012 Pew Research Center report found that more than 294 million people, or 21 percent of China’s population, practice folk religions.
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