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He announced plans to create a reservation in the General Government (the portion of Poland not incorporated into the Reich), where Jews and others deemed undesirable would await further deportation. [107], Eichmann initially lived in Tucumán Province, where he worked for a government contractor. The plan was stymied by Hans Frank, governor-general of the occupied territories, who was disinclined to accept the deportees as to do so would have a negative impact on economic development and his ultimate goal of Germanisation of the region. [177] Eichmann asserted that the decisions had been made not by him, but by Müller, Heydrich, Himmler, and ultimately Hitler. Long live Argentina. [137] There was a tense delay at the airport while the flight plan was approved, then the plane took off for Israel, stopping in Dakar, Senegal to refuel. The operation soon was called off, partly because Hitler decided the required trains were better used for military purposes for the time being. [62] On 15 August 1940, Eichmann released a memorandum titled Reichssicherheitshauptamt: Madagaskar Projekt (Reich Main Security Office: Madagascar Project), calling for the resettlement to Madagascar of a million Jews per year for four years. [18], On the advice of family friend and local SS leader Ernst Kaltenbrunner, Eichmann joined the Austrian branch of the Nazi Party on 1 April 1932, member number 889,895. [172] The prosecution proved that Eichmann had visited places where exterminations had taken place, including Chełmno extermination camp, Auschwitz, and Minsk (where he witnessed a mass shooting of Jews),[173] and therefore was aware that the deportees were being killed. [172] The defence demanded that the men should be brought to Israel so that the defence's right to cross-examination would not be abrogated. [97], Eichmann, resentful that Kurt Becher and others were becoming involved in Jewish emigration matters, and angered by Himmler's suspension of deportations to the death camps, requested reassignment in July. ), njemački ratni zločinac. [141] In the ensuing debate, Israeli representative (and later Prime Minister) Golda Meir claimed that the abductors were not Israeli agents but private individuals and so the incident was only an "isolated violation of Argentine law". [94], In a series of meetings beginning on 25 April, Eichmann met with Joel Brand, a Hungarian Jew and member of the Relief and Rescue Committee (RRC). [24] Eichmann's battalion of the Deutschland Regiment was quartered at barracks next door to Dachau concentration camp. Eichmann was captured by the Mossad in Argentina on 11 May 1960 and subsequently found guilty of war crimes in a widely publicised trial in Jerusalem, where he was executed by hanging in 1962. Adolf Eichmann’s Argentinian ID, under the alias Ricardo Klement, found on him the night of his abduction. Smatra … [59], Jews were concentrated into ghettos in major cities with the expectation that at some point they would be transported farther east or even overseas. Klaus arrived not long after, however, and addressed Eichmann as "Father". Eichmann was accepted into the SD and assigned to the sub-office on Freemasons, organising seized ritual objects for a proposed museum and creating a card index of German Freemasons and Masonic organisations. After the death of Maria in 1916, Eichmann's father married Maria Zawrzel, a devout Protestant with two sons. [194] Eichmann's wife Vera flew to Israel and saw him for the last time at the end of April. [13] From 1925 to 1927 he worked as a sales clerk for the Oberösterreichische Elektrobau AG radio company. [165][166], The prosecution case was presented over the course of 56 days, involving hundreds of documents and 112 witnesses (many of them Holocaust survivors). [217], "Eichmann" redirects here. [184] During later examination by the judges, he admitted he meant the Jews, and said the remark was an accurate reflection of his opinion at the time. [67] On 31 July, Göring gave Heydrich written authorisation to prepare and submit a plan for a "total solution of the Jewish question" in all territories under German control and to co-ordinate the participation of all involved government organisations. There they met Feival Polkes, an agent of the Haganah, with whom they were unable to strike a deal. [7] His parents were Adolf Karl Eichmann, a bookkeeper, and Maria (née Schefferling), a housewife. After the outbreak of the Second World War in September 1939, Eichmann and his staff arranged for Jews to be concentrated in ghettos in major cities with the expectation that they would be transported either farther east or overseas. [113] Wiesenthal learned from a letter shown to him in 1953 that Eichmann had been seen in Buenos Aires, and he passed along that information to the Israeli consulate in Vienna in 1954. Adolf Eichmann, German high official who was hanged by the State of Israel for his part in the Holocaust, the Nazi extermination of Jews during World War II. He was found guilty on all of the charges, and was executed by hanging on 1 June 1962. [82] His department was in constant contact with the Foreign Office, as Jews of conquered nations such as France could not as easily be stripped of their possessions and deported to their deaths. On his own initiative, Eichmann also laid plans to deport Jews from Vienna. Schefferling kuoli. [96] Nothing came of the proposal, as the Western Allies refused to consider the offer. [85][87] Eichmann toured northeastern Hungary in the last week of April and visited Auschwitz in May to assess the preparations. [126], The team captured Eichmann on 11 May 1960 near his home on Garibaldi Street in San Fernando, Buenos Aires, an industrial community 20 kilometres (12 mi) north of the centre of Buenos Aires. Bio je vođa Organizacije za protjerivanje i deportaciju Židova za vrijeme vladavine NSDAP u Njemačkoj. [60][61] Horrendous conditions in the ghettos—severe overcrowding, poor sanitation, and a lack of food—resulted in a high death rate. For this Eichmann was awarded the Iron Cross, Second Class. Smatra se odgovornim za smrt oko 6 miliona Židova. [11] He played the violin and participated in sports and clubs, including a Wandervogel woodcraft and scouting group that included some older boys who were members of various right-wing militias. Otto Adolf Eichmann (n. 19 martie 1906, Solingen, Imperiul German – d. 1 iunie 1962, închisoarea din Ramla, Israel) a fost un nazist german, cu gradul de Obersturmbannführer - SS. [196] Eichmann immediately petitioned Israeli President Yitzhak Ben-Zvi for clemency. After an unremarkable school career, Eichmann briefly worked for his father's mining company in Austria, where the family had moved in 1914. ‘https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Datei:WP_Adolf_Eichmann_1942.jpg’, ‘https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/deed.de’, ‘https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Datei:K%C3%BCng3.JPG’, ‘https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/deed.de’, ‘https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Datei:Theo_Koll.jpg’, ‘https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0’, ‘https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Baker_Charleston.jpg’, ‘https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Datei:Maria_Goeppert-Mayer_(3321963421).jpg’, ‘https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:George_Sanders_Allan_Warren.jpg’, ‘https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/deed.en’, ‘https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Dan_Brown_bookjacket_cropped.jpg’, ‘https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Datei:Erasure-andy-vince-wolfgangs-np.jpg’, ‘https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Datei:MJK_12586_D%C3%A9sir%C3%A9e_Nosbusch_(Berlinale_2018).jpg’, ‘https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0/deed.de’, https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Adolf_Eichman_in_Ramle_Prison1961.jpg, https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Adolf_Eichmann_(signature).svg, https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Adolf_Eichmann_at_Trial1961.jpg, https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Adolf_Eichmann_extension_of_arrest1961.jpg, https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Bronze_gloves_Eichmann_01.jpg, http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/deed.en, https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Eichmann_-_RLWMV_(5035515664).jpg, http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Eichmann_ashes_scattered_at_sea.jpg, https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Eichmann_teleprinter_02.jpg, https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:EichmannSSdoc.jpg, https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Flickr_-_Government_Press_Office_(GPO)_-_Nazi_war_criminal_Adolf_Eichmann_walking_in_yard_of_his_cell_in_Ramle_prison.jpg, http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Otto_Adolf_Eichmann0.jpg, https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:RSHA-6.März1942-10.jpg, https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:The_first_imprisonment_order_of_Adolf_Eichmann_1960-05-23.jpg, https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:WP_Adolf_Eichmann_1942.jpg. I am ready. [30] On 21 March 1935 Eichmann married Veronika (Vera) Liebl (1909–93). [132] During these days, Harel tried to locate Josef Mengele, the notorious Nazi doctor from Auschwitz, as the Mossad had information that he was also living in Buenos Aires. [174], The defence next engaged in a lengthy direct examination of Eichmann. [23] In late December, when this unit was dissolved, Eichmann was promoted to SS-Scharführer (squad leader, equivalent to corporal). [80] Specific deportation orders came from his RSHA superior, Gestapo chief Heinrich Müller, acting on Himmler's behalf. "[212] The term "little Eichmanns" became a pejorative term for bureaucrats charged with indirectly and systematically harming others. Mehr zum Tod von Adolf Eichmann auf Mementomori. [115], Lothar Hermann, a half-Jewish German who had emigrated to Argentina in 1938, was also instrumental in exposing Eichmann's identity. Eichmannin isä palveli ensimmäisessä maailmansodassa Itävalta-Unkarin armeijassa. Ricardo is now a professor of archaeology at the German Archaeological Institute. [117] Hermann then sent his daughter on a fact-finding mission; she was met at the door by Eichmann himself, who said that he was Klaus's uncle. [135], Near midnight on 20 May, Eichmann was sedated by an Israeli doctor on the Mossad team and dressed as a flight attendant. Juni 1962 in Ramla bei Tel Aviv, Israel) war ein deutscher SS-Obersturmbannführer. We'll meet again soon, as is the fate of all men. Hänen isänsä Adolf Karl Eichmann oli liikemies ja kirjanpitäjänä paikallisessa voimalaitoksessa, ja perhe muutti isän työn mukana vuonna 1913 Linziin Itävalta-Unkariin, jossa hänen äitinsä Maria o.s. Following the war Eichmann lived in Germany under a false name before fleeing to Argentina, where he … By the time the transports were stopped in July 1944, 437,000 of Hungary's 725,000 Jews had been killed. [206] The trial received widespread coverage by the press in West Germany, and many schools added material studying the issues to their curricula. Adolf Eichmann was a thin little man with bow legs and a hook nose. [156] The chief prosecutor was Israeli Attorney General Gideon Hausner, assisted by Deputy Attorney General Gabriel Bach and Tel Aviv District Attorney Yaakov Bar-Or. [138] They arrived in Israel on 22 May, and Ben-Gurion announced his capture to the Knesset the following afternoon. He even learned a smattering of Hebrew and Yiddish, gaining a reputation as a specialist in Zionist and Jewish matters. Eichmann war während des Zweiten Weltkriegs als Leiter des für die Organisation der Vertreibung und Deportation der Juden zuständigen Eichmannreferats mitverantwortlich für die Ermordung von schätzungsweise sechs Millionen Menschen. [69], Eichmann stated at his later interrogations that Heydrich told him in mid-September that Hitler had ordered that all Jews in German-controlled Europe were to be killed. Most of the victims were sent to Auschwitz concentration camp, where about 75 per cent were murdered upon arrival. [73] In preparation for the conference, Eichmann drafted for Heydrich a list of the numbers of Jews in various European countries and prepared statistics on emigration. SS-Obersturmbannführer Adolf Eichmann (1906–1962), head of Reichssicherheitshauptamt (RSHA, Reich Security Central Office) Department IV B4 (Jewish affairs), who organized the deportation of Jews to the Auschwitz concentration camp in German-occupied Poland during the Holocaust. He returned to Berlin, where he arranged for the incriminating records of Department IV-B4 to be burned. 1906. [152] In addition, Servatius submitted a request for clemency to Ben-Zvi and petitioned for a stay of execution pending his planned appeals for extradition to the West German government.

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